Hepatitis A vaccine is currently available and routinely recommended for all children ages 12 to 23 months. Two doses of hepatitis A vaccine at least six months apart are needed to be fully protected. Hepatitis A vaccine is required for children, ages 12 through 23 months, attending early childhood facilities in North Dakota.
Additionally, hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for people ages 12 months and older traveling to or working in a high risk area, men who have sex with men, users of illegal drugs, previously unvaccinated people who anticipate having close personal contact with an international adoptee from a high risk area, people who have clotting disorders, people who may be exposed in a research laboratory setting and those with chronic liver disease. Any person who wishes to be immune to hepatitis A may also receive the vaccine.
Prevent the spread of hepatitis A with good hand washing after using the toilet or after diaper changing. Also, infected people should not handle or prepare food during the contagious period. Household members, child care contacts, or others in close contact with an infected person should call a health care provider to obtain hepatitis A vaccination or immune globulin, depending on age, which minimizes the chances of becoming ill.