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In the United States, almost half of all pregnancies are unintended.1 Yet, several safe and highly effective methods of contraception (birth control) are available to prevent unintended pregnancy. The effectiveness of birth control methods is critically important for reducing the risk of unintended pregnancy.

Contraceptive options include the following:

  • Fertility awareness-based methods
  • Drug-free, cost-free natural family planning and withdrawal
  • Barrier methods that offer protection from STI’s and unintended pregnancy: condoms, sponge, diaphragms, the cervical cap (which is commonly used in combination with vaginal spermicides)
  • Hormones: oral contraceptives (the pill), injectable hormones, subdermal implants, transdermal patches, vaginal ring and the emergency contraceptive pill
  • Sterilization (male and female)

In general, the contraceptives may do the following:

  • Block or kill sperm
  • Cause hormonal changes in the woman’s body to help prevent pregnancy

For more information on a contraceptive method, click on the link below.


For more information on natural family planning and fertility awarenes-based methods:

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