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A diaphragm is a shallow, dome-shaped cup made of latex or silicone. You insert the diaphragm into your vagina. It covers your cervix and keeps sperm out of your uterus. One super important thing to remember: For a diaphragm to work effectively, you need to use it with spermicide.


Comfortable with your body
It's a little like putting in a tampon.

It takes discipline
You've got to remember to insert your diaphragm each and every time you have sex, so it takes a bit of self-discipline and planning.

Allergy issues
If you're allergic to silicone or spermicide, you shouldn't use a diaphragm.

Not while you're bleeding
Don't use a diaphragm while you're having your period.

The pregnancy question
You'll be able to get pregnant as soon as you stop using the diaphragm. So protect yourself with another method right away.

Side Effects

There are positive and negative things to say about each and every method. And everyone's different, so what you experience may not be the same as what your friend experiences.

The Positive

  • You can put a diaphragm in hours in advance
  • Neither you nor your partner should be able to feel it
  • Doesn't affect your hormones
  • Decreases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and tubal infertility
  • Can be used while breastfeeding

The Negative

  • Some women have a hard time inserting it
  • Can cause vaginal irritation
  • Some women wind up getting frequent urinary tract infections
  • You have to use it every time you have sex, no matter what
  • If you're allergic to spermicide or silicone, you shouldn't use a diaphragm
  • Can get pushed in certain situations
  • You need a prescription

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