Infection Prevention and Control

Infection prevention and control in healthcare settings is necessary to prevent the transmission of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). It demands a basic understanding of the epidemiology of disease; the risk factors that increase patient susceptibility to infections; and the practices, procedures, and treatments that may result in infections. Prevention of HAIs requires the cooperative efforts of hospitals, medical personnel, patients, and the community.

The North Dakota Department of Health has staff members and work groups dedicated to advancing infection prevention and control in the state. For example:

  • The NDDoH has staff dedicated to assist facilities with current guidelines, and resources to assess and improve infection control programs using prevention measures, data collection and analysis, National Health Safety Network (NHSN) and surveillance.
  • The HAI program has quarterly phone meetings with state Infection Preventionists (IPs) to discuss current activities among HAI prevention programs and disease issues.
  • The Division of Disease Control has an HAI Steering Committee that meets quarterly to discuss current infection prevention and antibiotic stewardship activities within the state and work towards goals for continued improvement.

Precautions

Precautions are a set of recommendations and practices that are designed to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. There are two tiers of recommended precautions: standard precautions for all patient care and transmission-based precautions.

Healthcare-Associated Infections

Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) are infections that patients acquire while receiving medical treatment.

Guidelines and Resources

Infection prevention and control guidelines provide medical personnel with the tools to enable them to implement an infection control program and protect themselves and others from infections.

Infection prevention and control guidelines and related resources are available for many types of healthcare facilities, including acute and critical access hospitals, long term care, and outpatient/ambulatory.

Resources are also available for the following topics: dialysis, injection safety, oncology, pain management, and sepsis.