Foodborne & Gastrointestinal (GI) Illness
illnesses can be caused by a variety of pathogens. GI illnesses can
cause many different signs and symptoms, but the most common are diarrhea,
nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and cramps. However, they may also
cause headaches, body aches, rashes, and paralysis. The
Division of Disease Control monitors and investigates GI illnesses that are spread through food, water,
person-to-person contact and contact with infected animals. This website
provides North Dakota statistics, disease information and
educational materials to use at home and at work.
Foodborne GI Illness
There are 31 known pathogens that cause foodborne illness (commonly
called "food poisoning"). Foodborne
illness results when a person consumes contaminated foods or
Waterborne GI Illness
Waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microbes that can be
directly spread through contaminated water. Most waterborne diseases
cause diarrheal illness.
Animal-Related GI Illness
Animals may carry pathogens that can be spread between animals and
humans that can cause gastrointestinal illness.