Keep children and pets away. Avoid traffic going through the spill area. Those who may have come into contact with mercury should be directed to remove contaminated shoes or clothing, which should be placed in two bags, sealed and closed. Otherwise, mercury could be tracked around the building or home.
Note: If the mercury was vacuumed, exposed to heat or entered the ventilation system, refer to Large Spill Guidance. Higher mercury vapor levels may exist and could require additional protective equipment and professional expertise.
Many clean up supplies are available from hardware stores. Mercury spill kits are also available from suppliers. The following are some common household articles that could be used to construct an in-home mercury cleanup kit:
Inspect the spill area with a bright light to help illuminate any hidden droplets. Clean up any beads of mercury by using an index card and plastic dustpan. With the card, gently push the mercury droplets away from any carpet, fabric, or porous surfaces and toward other droplets to combine them into larger droplets. Slide droplets onto a sheet of rigid paper like an index card. Never use a broom or a vacuum on a mercury spill because it will only scatter the mercury droplets, making them harder to find and pick up.
Use a plastic jar or double-bagged zip-lock baggie, to deposit the mercury into (avoid using glass because it can easily break). If necessary, suction off the droplets using an eyedropper or syringe. Adhesive tape strips may also be used to clean up any tiny remaining mercury droplets. Place the plastic container inside a plastic bag to provide additional safety. Tighten the lid securely so that liquid and vapors will be contained.
It takes very little mercury in air to create unhealthy levels of vapor. Vacuuming any surface with mercury will make more vapor. Factors that affect the severity of risk from mercury in carpet or soft-surfaced items include the amount of mercury spilled, how much was recovered, the type of room and whether young children or pregnant women frequent the room. Local health units, the North Dakota Department of Health and/or spill response contractors may be able to monitor for the presence of mercury vapor on contaminated items. However, private testing may be costly. The value of the item should be weighed against such cost and the peace of mind offered by the testing and/or removal of the contaminated item. When removing contaminated items, double wrap them in plastic bags and contact your local health unit or the North Dakota Department of Health for proper disposal. Do not expose to heat or incinerate.
A very bright flashlight may be used to better illuminate mercury beads in the spill area. If additional assurance is desired, sprinkling powdered sulfur (available form garden supply stores) over the spill area may also help identify missed mercury as the powder will turn brown on contact with mercury. Collect the powder as was done with mercury beads. The sulfur will bind with the mercury, reducing the amount of vapor. (Do not apply to carpet or soft items). Special precautions should be taken if mercury was spilled in a high traffic area or a confined area where children or infants play. Young children playing on the floor are particularly at risk to mercury’s effects on the central nervous system. Call your local health unit or the North Dakota Department of Health to see if additional testing or other measures may be needed.
Ventilate as much as possible to completely air out the room or spill zone with outside air.
Package materials securely and label as "Mercury-Contaminated." Specific
labeling and disposal requirements may differ depending on whether the spill
occurred at a household or at a regulated business. Clothing or personal
belongings that may be contaminated can be tested following the guidance under
Large Spills to see if they can be safely returned
The best way to address a mercury spill is to prevent it from ever happening in the first place. For assistance with reducing mercury contact your local health unit or the North Dakota Department of Health.
If significant exposure is believed to have occurred, you should discuss with your family doctor whether urine mercury tests should be conducted for the people who use the area the most. Results should not be above 20 micrograms per liter of urine (20ug/L).