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Bird Information

West Nile virus (WNV) has been detected in over 300 species of birds. Some infected birds, especially crows and jays, are known to get sick and die from infection. Reporting and testing of dead birds is one way to check for the presence of WNV in the environment. North Dakota's dead bird surveillance involves collecting reports of dead bird sightings from citizens as well as testing dead birds for WNV.

How do birds get infected with West Nile Virus?

West Nile virus is transmitted to birds through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected by biting infected birds. Birds that are predators (such as hawks and owls) or scavengers (such as crows) may become infected after eating sick or dead birds that were already infected with the virus.

Although crows, jays, and certain other species frequently die of infection, most infected birds do survive.

Can I get West Nile virus directly from birds?

There is no evidence that a person can get infected from handling live or dead infected animals. However, you should avoid bare-handed contact when handling any dead animal. If you must pick up a dead bird, use gloves or an inverted plastic bag to place the bird's body in a garbage bag. You cannot get West Nile virus through consuming infected birds. However, you should always follow procedures for fully cooking meat to avoid any food-borne pathogens.

What kind of bird did I see/find?

These are some great online resources to help you identify birds. Please note that they are external links!

How do I report finding a dead bird in North Dakota?

You can fill out an Online Dead Bird Reporting Form which will be sent directly to Disease Control staff. The form is quick and easy to fill out, and it will help us monitor the presence of WNV in North Dakota!

How do I ship a dead bird for laboratory testing in North Dakota?

Instructions on how to ship a dead bird, as well as proper handling techniques, can be found here: